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Which Of The Following Is One Of The Four Parts Of An After Action Review?

Which Of The Following Is One Of The Four Parts Of An After Action Review?
Answer and Explanation: The four steps in the execution sequence of an after action review are planning, preparation, conduct, and follow-up.

What are the 4 parts of the after action review?

The four focal points of the AAR: what was expected to occur, what really happened, what went wrong and why did it go wrong, what went well and why did this go well.

What should be included in an after action review?

What is an after-action report? An after-action report is a tool used to provide feedback after an incident. The report summarizes what took place during the event, analyzes the actions taken by participants, and provides areas needing improvement. Why write an after-action report? Writing after-action reports can really help an institution evaluate emergency preparedness and allow for an in-depth review of the incident to continually work toward improvements.

  1. Incident overview​. What happened, when did it happen, how did it happen, etc.
  2. Analysis. What was observed? What was expected? Was anything unexpected? Who was involved in the incident? What are the strengths? What are the areas of opportunity? The analysis portion of your post-action report should be the longest and most detailed portion of your report.
  3. Recommendations. In the recommendations section of your report, detail ways to improve performance for future incidences.
  4. Improvement/action plan. In the improvement plan, you will detail corrective actions to be taken for future incidences. Be sure to include any additional training requirements, equipment needs, or any additional planning that needs to be completed. Be sure to list the party responsible for completing these steps and include a due date.
  5. Conclusion. The conclusion is a summary of all of the sections of your report.

What are some examples of after-action reports?

  • Hepatitis A Outbreak After Action Report
  • Operation Jesse Joint Evacuation & Simulated Surge Exercise

References California Hospital Association. (n.d.). What is an after action report? https://www.calhospitalprepare.org/post/what-after-action-report-aar-are-hospitals-required-write-aar-after-each-event-or-exercise-each Massey.M. (2017). After action reporting and improvement plans made simple,

What are the contents of an after action report?

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Which Of The Following Is One Of The Four Parts Of An After Action Review? Emergency Management Feb 14, 2023 Things don’t always go as planned, but even in failure lies opportunity. Learn how to use an after-action report to improve your emergency response plans and ensure your team is prepared for any crisis. After Action Report Template Download this After Action Report template to optimize your emergency response plan. Which Of The Following Is One Of The Four Parts Of An After Action Review? When faced with an emergency—be it a natural disaster, act of violence, or significant outage—you’ll be acting with the resources and plans you have in place at the time. There is rarely time to learn a new technology or prepare a new response strategy in the thick of a crisis.

So, it’s always best to prepare as much as possible beforehand to avoid unnecessary challenges. Running drills and tabletop exercises to simulate a crisis are great ways to drive active participation in your response plans. And when you do conduct these training exercises, make sure key personnel learn from the experience, your processes encourage information sharing, and you capture areas of improvement so your organization is better prepared for the next event or incident.

You don’t ever want to make the same mistake twice when lives and business continuity are at stake. Capture lessons learned from drills and emergency events alike with an after-action report. This report will detail the events of the drill or incident itself, how your business responded, what went well or poorly, and then lay out an action plan for improving your preparedness and response for next time.

What are the main parts of a review?

Consider organization – You’ve got a focus, and you’ve stated it clearly and directly. Now what is the most effective way of presenting the information? What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc., that your review needs to include? And in what order should you present them? Develop an organization for your review at both a global and local level: First, cover the basic categories Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper.

Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically (see below for more information on each). Conclusions/Recommendations: Discuss what you have drawn from reviewing literature so far. Where might the discussion proceed?

Organizing the body Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your paper. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario: You’ve decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales.

  1. This is because you’ve just finished reading Moby Dick, and you wonder if that whale’s portrayal is really real.
  2. You start with some articles about the physiology of sperm whales in biology journals written in the 1980’s.
  3. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century.
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So you check those out. Then you look up a book written in 1968 with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do.

Chronological: If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials above according to when they were published. For instance, first you would talk about the British biological studies of the 18th century, then about Moby Dick, published in 1851, then the book on sperm whales in other art (1968), and finally the biology articles (1980s) and the recent articles on American whaling of the 19th century. But there is relatively no continuity among subjects here. And notice that even though the sources on sperm whales in other art and on American whaling are written recently, they are about other subjects/objects that were created much earlier. Thus, the review loses its chronological focus.

By publication: Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. For instance, you could order a review of literature on biological studies of sperm whales if the progression revealed a change in dissection practices of the researchers who wrote and/or conducted the studies.

By trend: A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling. Then your review would have subsections according to eras within this period. For instance, the review might examine whaling from pre-1600-1699, 1700-1799, and 1800-1899. Under this method, you would combine the recent studies on American whaling in the 19th century with Moby Dick itself in the 1800-1899 category, even though the authors wrote a century apart.

Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. For instance, the sperm whale review could focus on the development of the harpoon for whale hunting. While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically. The only difference here between a “chronological” and a “thematic” approach is what is emphasized the most: the development of the harpoon or the harpoon technology.But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. For instance, a thematic review of material on sperm whales might examine how they are portrayed as “evil” in cultural documents. The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.

Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. Instead, it focuses on the “methods” of the researcher or writer. For the sperm whale project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of whales in American, British, and French art work. Or the review might focus on the economic impact of whaling on a community. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed. Once you’ve decided on the organizational method for the body of the review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out. They should arise out of your organizational strategy. In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period. A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue.

Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider:

Current Situation: Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Methods and/or Standards: The criteria you used to select the sources in your literature review or the way in which you present your information. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.

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Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? How will you further your research as a result of the review?

What is the AAR in business?

Special Considerations – Calculating an average annual return is much simpler than the average annual rate of return, which uses a geometric average instead of a regular mean. The formula is: (1/n) – 1, where r is the annual rate of return and n is the number of years in the period.

What is PMP after action review?

The After-Action Review (AAR) is a simple process used by a project that enables the team to learn for themselves what happened, why it happened, what went well, what needs improvement and what lessons can be learned from the experience. The spirit of an AAR is one of openness and learning – it is not about problem fixing or allocating blame.

The goal of an AAR is to improve future performance. It is an opportunity for a team to reflect on a project, cycle, milestone, event or a significant delivery, and identify improvements so that they can do better the next time. AAR is a form of group reflection; participants review what was intended, what actually happened, why it happened and what was learned.

One member of the group facilitates, capturing results on a flip chart or in a document. One key element for a successful AAR is that they should be carried out with an open spirit and no intent to blame. The best time to conduct an AAR is right after the end of a project cycle or major milestone to reveal what has been learned, reassess direction, and review both successes and challenges.

Present the purpose and rules, the AAR does not seek to criticize negatively, or find fault. The emphasis should be on learning, so make this clear right from the start to achieve maximum involvement, openness, and honesty. AAR’s should be carried out immediately to ensure that all the participants are still available, and their memories are fresh. What was supposed to happen? The team describes the initial objectives of the project or activity, stating just facts and not judgment What actually happened? The team must understand and agree on facts about what actually happened. Learning begins as the team compares the plan to what actually happened and determined the causes for the differences, identifies and discuss successes and shortfalls. Recording the key elements of an AAR facilitates sharing of learning experiences within the team and provides the basis for broader learning in the organization.

What makes after action reviews so powerful is that they can be applied across a wide spectrum of activities, from two individuals conducting a five-minute AAR at the end of a short meeting to a day-long AAR held by a project team at the end of a large project.

What is the before and after action review?

What are Before and After Action Reviews? The Before and After Action Review is a simple, straightforward set of questions to ask before and after an important piece of work — whether it is preparing for a meeting, engaging with board members or launching into a new initiative.

What is the AAR method of analysis?

More information –

  1. Altounyan, R.E.C. (1980). Review of clinical activity and mode of action of sodium cromoglycate, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 10, 481-489.
  2. Baird, L., Holland, P., & Deacon, S. (1999). Learning from action: Imbedding more learning into the performance fast enough to make a difference, Organizational Dynamics, 27(4), 19-32.
  3. Morrison, J.E., & Meliza, L.L. (1999). Foundations of the after action review process (No. IDA/HQ-D2332), INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA.
  4. Willems, R.M., & Hagoort, P. (2007). Neural evidence for the interplay between language, gesture, and action: A review, Brain and language, 101(3), 278-289.

How to cite this article: Janse, B. (2019). After Action Review (AAR), Retrieved from Toolshero: https://www.toolshero.com/change-management/after-action-review-aar-process/ Published on: 03/14/2018 | Last update: 11/10/2022 Add a link to this page on your website: Toolshero: After Action Review (AAR)

What is AAR assessment?

AAR. The after action review (AAR) is a simple method for facilitating an assessment of organisational performance by bringing together a team to discuss a task, event, activity or project in an open and honest fashion.

What is an after action summary?

An After Action Report (AAR) is a detailed critical summary or analysis of a past event, created to re-assess decisions and consider possible alternatives for future scenarios. AARs can help summarize and categorized notes taken during and throughout an event, and provide participants with early and tangible lessons to the response of an event.

  1. AARs can be used for both planned and unplanned events, including table-top exercises or drills and real-world events, and are commonly used for public health emergency preparedness and response.
  2. AARs can also be used to fulfill requirements of Public Health Accreditation through the Public Health Accreditation Board.
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Public Health Foundation (PHF) Senior Quality Advisor Jack Moran facilitated an AAR with the Tulsa Health Department (THD) to assess the mosquito control season and identify and implement interventions for the following mosquito season. The THD’s AAR is included as an example at the end of the tool.

For more information and resources from PHF’s vector control work, see the Vector Control Program Performance Assessment and Improvement Initiative, If you have questions about this tool or how to apply it for your use, please contact Vanessa Lamers, Assistant Director of Performance Management and Quality Improvement at [email protected],

Related Resources

Additional quality improvement tools for strategy and strategic planning Resources to help with your AAR process and improvement plan in the Public Health Improvement Resource Center Reports and resources from other vector control programs AAR trainings in the TRAIN Learning Network The Vector Control Tools & Resources (VeCToR) Toolkit 10 Essential Environmental Public Health Services

What is the main focus of the after-action report AAR?

The purpose of an After Action Report (AAR) is to analyze the management or response to an incident, exercise or event by identifying strengths to be maintained and built upon, as well as identifying potential areas of improvement.

What are the three major components after-action report should include?

After-Action Reporting

The team leader should compile the TERT Member Deployment Reviews and complete an after action report to summarize the deployment and to identify any areas of potential improvement. The format, type, and composition of after action reports may vary considerably. If the team leader is without a specific guideline or template, the following example may be used to facilitate the process. After action reports should include three major components: Deployment Description, Deployment Reports, and Opportunities for Improvement. Go to the next slide to learn more about each component.

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What does AAR mean in military?

An after-action review (AAR) is a professional discussion of an event, focused on performance. standards, that enables soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and. how to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses.

What is AAR file format?

3. What Is a JAR File? – A (Java ARchive) file is a package file format used to store and distribute Java class files, resources, and associated metadata. It’s similar to a ZIP file in that it’s a compressed archive format that contains multiple files and folders.

JAR files are commonly used to distribute Java libraries or applications. Any platform that has a Java Runtime Environment () installed can execute JAR files. JAR files are created using the jar command-line tool that comes with the Java Development Kit (). They can be signed with a digital certificate to ensure their authenticity and integrity.

They can also include a manifest file that provides metadata about the JAR file, such as the version number, author, and dependencies. JAR files are an important part of the Java development ecosystem. It allows developers to package and distribute their Java code as a single, executable file.

What are the four 4 parts of a book review?

Abstract – A book review is a form of academic writing that provides a succinct yet critical analysis evaluating the content, style, merit and significance of a book. The reader should gain insight into the strengths and weaknesses of the book, aided by input from the reviewer.

What are the 4 parts of literature review?

It helps to deconstruct the literature review into a four-part process, including: 1) Developing a Topic; 2) Searching the Literature; 3) Narrowing the Scope; and 4) Synthesizing Prior Research.

How many AAR execution steps are there?

The four steps in the execution sequence of an after action review are planning, preparation, conduct, and follow-up.

What is the main focus of the after action report AAR?

The main focus of the AAR is the analysis of core capabilities.

What are the three major components after action report should include?

After-Action Reporting

The team leader should compile the TERT Member Deployment Reviews and complete an after action report to summarize the deployment and to identify any areas of potential improvement. The format, type, and composition of after action reports may vary considerably. If the team leader is without a specific guideline or template, the following example may be used to facilitate the process. After action reports should include three major components: Deployment Description, Deployment Reports, and Opportunities for Improvement. Go to the next slide to learn more about each component.

/td>

What is the AAR in business?

Special Considerations – Calculating an average annual return is much simpler than the average annual rate of return, which uses a geometric average instead of a regular mean. The formula is: (1/n) – 1, where r is the annual rate of return and n is the number of years in the period.