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What Is Case Review?

What Is Case Review
Video Transcript: – Many clients ask me about the case review. What is it? What does it involve? So, I thought I’d answer the four most common questions I get. What is the case review? That’s number one. Number two, what records are reviewed? Number three, how unique is each case review? And number four, is it necessary? Is it necessary before doing any appeal? So, the first question is, what is a case review? Well, a case review is a review of a client’s case, to see what the issues are, what the possible avenues for appeal are.

It’s in great part for me to get to know the person’s case so I can know what’s available. So that’s essentially what it is. It usually ends with a written report, but not always. So that’s what a case review is. The second question is, what records are reviewed? Typically, I like to get as much as I can but usually, I can see very early which records will be relevant and I typically review the records that are relevant to the appeals options.

For example, if someone was just convicted and just sentenced five days ago, then the transcripts from the court are going to be very, very important because the direct appeal is typically an option right after somebody is sentenced, after they are convicted.

Whereas somebody who may have been convicted, let’s say 20 years ago, and they’ve tried all their normal appeals, and now they’re coming to me because a witness has recanted the testimony or there’s DNA evidence showing the person’s innocence or something that’s not really related to the transcripts, well then, I would review the other material.

So, I review the material that’s relevant, not necessarily every document that was ever produced in a case. The third question is, how unique is each case review? Each case review is unique. It shows what is available for that particular client, but there is also going to be material that might overlap with another client, for example, background material.

  1. If I’m explaining what is a certain type of appeal, what is a Writ of Habeas Corpus in this state, what is a direct appeal, I’ve had to the best of my ability formulated the best articulation of what that is, and that’s going to apply to multiple different people.
  2. But of course, then the application to a particular client; that would be unique.

Another example might be, there could be multiple clients in similar circumstances who have the same general types of options available to them. For example, someone in a particular state out of a particular county who was convicted at a particular time, and their sentences craft in a certain way, they might have similarity to somebody else who has those exact same circumstances.

  • But generally speaking, it is unique to that person.
  • But also remember one other thing which is the case review is a little bit for the client, for them to know what’s available, but it’s also in great part for me to know about the person’s case.
  • My goal for the case review is not just to share what’s available, but for me to become a little bit of a mini expert in the case.

So, me reviewing the relevant records, reading about the case, communicating with the client, that helps me to get in a position where I can say, okay, I feel like I know, you know, level 1 on this case, ready to move on if that’s what the client would want.

  1. The fourth question is, is a case review necessary? No, it’s not necessary.
  2. What I would do for a case review is what I would do when I would start any type of appeal anyway.
  3. I would get the relevant records, I would become familiar with the case, and that would help me to do whatever type of appeal is appropriate.

So, the case review is usually a good first step, because I would be doing it anyway, doing some other appeal. And it’s also a good first step because sometimes an individual might think well, they’re really a great candidate for this new law, they’ve been hearing about it, they’re a great candidate for this thing the jailhouse lawyer has been talking about, but is that really true? So, I can do a review to tell a client, you know this might be a good option, this might not be a good option.

I know you’ve come to me and you want to do XYZ type of appeal, but that’s not going to work. So, it’s helpful to do a review so I can share what is realistic, what actual options are. Some clients come to me and they say you know what, I know that I want this type of appeal, I know that I want, you know, a writ of habeas corpus, I was innocent, here is the evidence, and just, I don’t care about anything else.

Fine, and I can do that. So, no, a case review is not necessary. I recommend it, but it’s definitely not necessary. Any other questions, you’re welcome to, You’re welcome to, I hope this has been helpful. Thank you. : What Is a Case Review?

What is the serious case review process?

Serious Case Reviews are reviews undertaken when a child has been seriously harmed or killed and there is concern about how agencies have worked together. They look at the involvement of agencies with a child and their family to determine whether there are any lessons to be learned. This page describes the process of Serious Case Reviews as set out in Working Together 2013. A serious case is one where: (a) abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected; and (b) either (i) the child has died; or (ii) the child has been seriously harmed and there is cause for concern as to the way in which the authority, their Board partners or other relevant persons have worked together to safeguard the child. Regulation 5 of the Local Safeguarding Children’s Boards Regulations 2006 Working Together 2013 also states an SCR should be carried out when a a child dies in a custodial setting or was detained under the Mental Health Act 2005.

Action Who Timescale 1If a child dies or is seriously injured and abuse or neglect is suspected the designated person for child protection in that agency or deputy must be notified. Follow your internal agency procedures for an unexpected child death.All staff and managersImmediate2LSCB Business Manager verbally notified (and followed up in writing providing a case summary and information as to why they consider the criteria to be met)Designated person for child protection or suitable representativeImmediate3Consideration against criteria for SCR and recommendation made to Chair of LSCBLSCB SCR SubgroupWithin 10 working days of receipt of notification4Decision made as to whether SCR should be initiatedChair of LSCBWithin one month of receipt of notification5aIf decision that no SCR required then LSCB may decide that a multi-agency learning review is requiredLSCB 5bIf decision that an SCR is to be initiated then letter sent to all Chief Executives (or equivalent) of agencies involved with the child or family notifying them of the SCR and requesting them to secure all records relating to the child and family – dependent on the type of review this letter may also ask the agency to identify a manager to take part in the review processChair of LSCBWithin 1 working day of decision6Ofsted and National Panel of Independent Experts notified of decisionLSCB Business ManagerWithin 1 working day of decision7Health agencies notify CQC of SCR process being initiatedRelevant health managerWithin 5 working days of decision8Lead reviewer(s) commissionedLSCB (may be through SCR Panel)Within 6 months of decision to initiate SCR9Details of lead reviewer(s) to be notified to National Panel of Independent Experts10Terms of reference for the SCR set out11Determination of whether the family are to be involved and if so how they will be involved and who will make contact12Dependent on the method of SCR used, further information such as chronologies and independent management reviews may be required which will be subject to internal review in respective agencies13Draft overview report considered along with recommendations14Overview report signed off and recommendations accepted15Decision made as to whether overview report is to be published16Overview report submitted to the National Panel of Independent Experts along with decision as to whether it will be published or not with reasons if notLSCB Business ManagerAt least one week prior to publication of overview report17Copy of overview report sent to Serious Incidents Briefing Team at Department for EducationLSCB Business ManagerAt least one week prior to publication18Overview report publishedLSCB Business ManagerWithin 28 days of overview report being signed off19Action plan developed to implement recommendations and agreed by LSCBLSCB (may be through SCR Subgroup)Within 28 days of overview report being signed off20Progress in relation to action plan reviewed by LSCBLSCB (may be through SCR Subgroup)Dependent on timeframe set out in action plan
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What is the golden hour of case review?

Golden hour – The golden hour is the term used for the period immediately after an offence has been committed, when material is readily available in high volumes to the police. Positive action in the period immediately after the report of a crime minimises the amount of material that could be lost to the investigation, and maximises the chance of securing the material that will be admissible in court.

What is the purpose of serious case reviews?

Supporting dialogue about the principles of good practice and how to achieve them – Serious case reviews (SCRs) aim to provide learning about how to improve practice around safeguarding. Multi-agency safeguarding work is complex and there is limited guidance for local safeguarding children boards (LSCBs) and reviewers around setting up and carrying out reviews.18 Quality Markers have been developed to help support commissioners and reviewers to commission and conduct high quality reviews.

Why are case reviews required?

When a child dies, or is seriously harmed, as a result of abuse or neglect, a case review is conducted to identify ways that local professionals and organisations can improve the way they work together to safeguard children.

How many serious case reviews are there in the UK?

The national case review repository, launched in November 2013, is the most comprehensive collection of case reviews in the UK. It provides a single place for published case reviews to make it easier to access and share learning at a local, regional and national level.

The repository has over 1,500 serious case reviews from England, Scotland and Wales, and thematic analysis reports from all four nations dating back to 1945. Our information specialists write abstracts and add keywords to each report in the repository to enable professionals to find case reviews on particular themes and issues.

You can access case review reports via our online Library catalogue. We also hold physical reference copies of all case reviews in the NSPCC Library. We encourage safeguarding partners in England and their equivalents in the other nations to submit newly published case review reports via [email protected],

Are serious case reviews published?

Link to statutory guidance & inspection criteria –

  • ‘Working together’ (HM Government, 2015: 79) requires all SCR reports to be published. It also requires (p 80) LSCBs to publish, either as part of the SCR report or in a separate document, information about: actions which have already been taken in response to the review findings; the impact these actions have had on improving services; and what more will be done.
  • The Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) inspection guidance requires that good practice be disseminated and, where practice can be improved, SCRs are published.

What does golden hour mean in investigation?

The principle that effective early action can result in securing significant material that would otherwise be lost to the investigation. See the College of Policing website, Back to Glossary Last updated: 22 February 2023

What does golden hour mean in hospital?

Background – Time management is considered as a key factor to reduce mortality in trauma patients. The ‘golden hour’ is a concept that critically injured patients are required to receive definitive care within 60 min from the occurrence of injuries, after which mortality significantly increased.1 2 This concept was developed in 1970s without any data or reference.3 However, it has been widely accepted with clinical plausibility.

The recent systematic review has concluded that there was no established evidence supporting this principle for patients with undifferentiated trauma.4 However, a few studies have suggested that limited patients, who had hypotension requiring critical intervention, could benefit from minimizing out-of-hospital time.5 6 Another point is that trauma care strategies have been drastically developed over the last decades, for example, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), massive transfusion and helicopter emergency medical service (EMS).

Therefore, the optimal target and management should be revised in the current settings. The objective of this study was to clarify the exact relationship between elapsed time and mortality for the current trauma care settings. We also aimed to identify patients who could benefit from earlier definitive care by hemodynamic status.

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Who writes serious case reviews?

Serious Case Reviews (SCRs) were established under the Children Act (2004) to review cases where a child has died and abuse or neglect is known or suspected. SCRs could additionally be carried out where a child has not died, but has come to serious harm as a result of abuse or neglect.

They aim to establish learning for agencies and professionals to improve the way that they work together to safeguard children. A local safeguarding children board (LSCB) can commission a review for any case where it suspects anything can be learned to improve local practice. Working Together to Safeguard Children (Department for Education, 2018) changed the structure of these reviews, now known as Child Safeguarding Practice Reviews (SPRs).

Responsibility for learning lessons lies with a new national panel – the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel (the Panel) – and with local safeguarding partners. The Panel and local partners help to identify serious child safeguarding cases that may raise issues of national importance.

abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected the child has died or been seriously harmed.

For Designated Safeguarding Leads and others with responsibility for safeguarding in schools, learning from reviews is important to improve the way that children and young people are protected. Under Working Together to Safeguard Children’s new arrangements, the education sector is seen as a ‘relevant agency’ but not a statutory partner.

It is therefore important for schools to inform the process of learning and think strategically about any possible cases that may help to inform and drive practice in education – advocating for this view with safeguarding partners to inform the commissioning of SPRs. SCIE’s Learning Together model takes a systems-thinking approach to establishing the best evidence and draws out the deeper systems issues that help or hinder professionals and organisations to safeguard effectively.

Learning Together underpins our approach to audit, independent incident reviews and conducting SCRs. Find out more at Practice issues from Serious Case Reviews – learning into practice

What are the 6 principles of safeguarding?

What are the Principles of Safeguarding? – There are 6 main principles of safeguarding as outlined in the Care Act; empowerment, prevention, protection, proportionality, partnerships and accountability.

What does SCR stand for in safeguarding?

SCR – Serious Case Review.

What is the purpose of a review process?

Glossary Review Process

The review process is the procedure where reporting manager or team leader evaluates employees’ accomplishments and progress towards the objective and goals. It happens by comparing achievements with preset expectations and providing feedback to the employees about the same.

What is the new name for serious case reviews?

You can view all the latest published Safeguarding Practice Reviews on the NSPCC Repository – Sign up to the Pan-Dorset Safeguarding Children Partnership Newsletter here To view the Child Safeguarding Practice Review National Panel’s annual reports, please see here

When and why inquiries and case management reviews are required?

When is a CMR conducted? – The SBNI is required to hold a Case Management Review when a child has died or been significant harmed and any of the following apply:

Abuse or neglect of the child is known or suspected.The child or a sibling of the child has been placed on the child protection register.The child or a sibling of the child has been looked after by an authority.The Safeguarding Board has concerns about the effectiveness in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children.The Safeguarding Board determines there is significant learning to be gained from the case management review which could lead substantial improvements to safeguarding practice.

View an example of a CMR by the SBNI,

What is NHS serious case review?

A serious case review considers multi-agency working and reviews practice in order to identify learning and contribute to improvement. The purpose of the independent mental health review is to discover what led to an adverse event and to audit the standard of care provided to the individual.

What is a serious case review in Nottingham?

Serious Case Reviews The definition of a serious child safeguarding case are those in which: abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and. the child has died or been seriously harmed.

What is a serious case review NHS?

A serious case review considers multi-agency working and reviews practice in order to identify learning and contribute to improvement. The purpose of the independent mental health review is to discover what led to an adverse event and to audit the standard of care provided to the individual.

What has replaced Serious Case reviews?

You can view all the latest published Safeguarding Practice Reviews on the NSPCC Repository – Sign up to the Pan-Dorset Safeguarding Children Partnership Newsletter here To view the Child Safeguarding Practice Review National Panel’s annual reports, please see here

What happened to Khyra Ishaq?

Family of seven-year-old Khyra Ishaq who was starved to death by mother and stepfather sue council for failing to step in

  • The seven-year-old died in 2008 weighing less than 3st and suffering from pneumonia and meningitis
  • Angela Gordon and her partner Junaid Abuhamza admitted her manslaughter in 2010
  • They starved the six children and made them stand in the cold if they stole food
  • Some of the siblings were force fed until they vomited and were also beaten with canes
  • Khyra’s five brothers and sisters are suing Birmingham City Council claiming they could have saved her and taken them into care

By Published: 15:02 BST, 7 January 2013 | Updated: 15:38 BST, 7 January 2013 What Is Case Review Innocent: Khyra Ishaq, 7, was starved to death by her mother and stepfather – and now her surviving siblings are suing Birmingham City Council for breach of care

  • The five surviving siblings of Khyra Ishaq, who died after being starved to death by her mother and stepfather, are suing their local council for failing to protect them and save their sister’s life.
  • The brothers and sisters have filed a claim against Birmingham City Council because they were told of their and Khyra’s plight four months before she died.
  • All six children suffered horrific abuse at the hands of their mother Angela Gordon and her partner Junaid Abuhamza.
  • Gordon and Abuhamza admitted manslaughter of Khyra, who died aged seven after suffering starvation and abuse at their home in May 2008.
  • The pair also admitted five counts of child cruelty at Birmingham Crown Court in March 2010.
  • Khyra weighed just 2st 9lb, had 60 external injuries and lay dying with pneumonia and meningitis for two days while her mother was downstairs eating a takeaway with her partner.
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Two of her siblings nearly died in hospital because of ‘re-feeding syndrome’, a phenomenon first seen in the Nazi concentration camps where the shock of eating food causes the body to shut down.

  1. Khyra and the other children were all starved as well as being subjected to a harrowing punishment regime and a five-month detention, involving beatings with a cane.
  2. If the children were caught taking any food the vile pair made them stand outside in the cold and forced them to over-eat until they threw up as part of a ‘chilling’ punishment regime.
  3. As a result of the appalling abuse emaciated Khyra was reduced to scavenging bread from a neighbour’s bird table and lost 40 per cent of her body weight.
  4. Lawyers acting for the five surviving children, who cannot be named for legal reasons, have filed a ‘substantial’ claim against the city for allegedly breaching duty of care to them.

What Is Case Review What Is Case Review Killers: Khyra’s mother Angela Gordon (left) and stepfather Junaid Abuhamza admitted the manslaughter of the seven-year-old in 2010 and five counts of child abuse What Is Case Review Savage: Khyra Ishaq was whipped by Junaid Abuhamza with a bamboo cane whenever he thought that she had eaten too much What Is Case Review Hell: The family home in Handsworth, Birmingham, where Khyra was found starving to death by police in May 2008. The child was taken to hospital where she later died. The claim alleges that it’s ‘very likely’ that Khyra’s death would have been prevented if the council had taken all of the children into care when teachers first raised the alarm. What Is Case Review Chilling: Khyra died weighing less that 3st and her remaining siblings believe she and they could have been saved from torment by the authorities ‘We allege that you owed a duty of care to our clients and were in breach of that duty of care as a result of the negligent failure of Birmingham City Council’s social services department to remove them from the family home,’ the claim letter says.

‘It is the case of all the living claimants and the case brought on behalf of the estate of Khyra Ishaq that your social services department ought reasonably to have removed all six children from the family home and placed them in local authority care on a date no later than January 9, 2008, which creates an alleged breach period of four months and eight days.

‘It would appear that the children’s teachers had done everything in their power to assist the children. But the efforts of the teachers to engage the social services department were ignored. ‘Had the single visit they requested your social services department make to the family home been undertaken in December 2007, and factoring in the reasonable period of approximately three weeks to obtain a care order thereafter, the children would have been removed into local authority care no later than January 9, 2008. What Is Case Review This well-equipped kitchen was as at the centre of the abuse, where children were starved or forced to over-eat What Is Case Review What Is Case Review Well stocked: Despite there being plenty of food to eat the children were starved in a campaign of abuse that cost Khyra her life In September 2007 she sent another letter to the schools which told staff to stop overfeeding the children and she added that they should not be given chocolate milk.

  1. The letter said: ‘Please do not give my son too much food.
  2. He does not know his limits.
  3. He is skinny simply because it is hereditary, not because he is starved at home, so please stop excessive feeding.’ Summing up at the end of a year-long case Justice Eleanor King said: ‘Khyra was desperately ill, from when she had been beaten and made to stand for at least an hour in front of a cold fan.

‘She died without medical treatment, without love, without comfort, or reassurance on a dirty mattress shared with her brothers and sisters in a room that she had scarcely left for five months.’ What Is Case Review Abuser: Mother Angela Gordon serving food to children at a family wedding in 2007 Squalor: Khyra was forced to eat scraps on the floor of the family home’s back yard or next door as she was desperate to eat

  • She said expert witnesses had testified that Khyra would have suffered a very painful and unpleasant death.
  • The children’s biological father Ishaq Abuzaire is also pursuing proceedings on behalf of himself for the psychological injuries he has suffered since Khyra’s death and the abuse of the surviving children.
  • Tony Hall, a partner at Birmingham-based Anthony Collins solicitors confirmed that Ishaq and the children were granted legal aid to pursue the substantial claims against the city.

Accusations: The children’s school tried to warn social services in Birmingham (pictured), but the family say they failed to act Mr Hall said: ‘We have sent a letter of claim on behalf of our clients. The council has until the end of January to respond by making admissions or denying the allegations.

  1. ‘Any settlement that is approved for any of our clients will have to approved in court by a judge.’
  2. A spokesman for Birmingham City Council said: ‘We can confirm that we have received a letter of claim in this case.
  3. ‘It would be inappropriate to comment on ongoing legal proceedings.’

: Family of seven-year-old Khyra Ishaq who was starved to death by mother and stepfather sue council for failing to step in

What does SCR stand for in safeguarding?

SCR – Serious Case Review.