Key Takeaways –
You can structure your literature review in Chicago, APA, or MLA format.The outline of a literature review should include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion paragraph.You can structure the body section of the literature review thematically, chronologically, thematically, or theoretically.
How do you write a good outline for a literature review?
Literature Review Outline. Describe the overall topic that you have been investigating, why it is important to the field, and why you are interested in the topic. Identify themes and trends in research questions, methodology, and findings. Give a ‘big picture’ of the literature.
What is a brief outline of literature review?
❓ What Must a Literature Review Include? – A basic literature review includes the introduction with the research topic definition, its arguments, and problems. Then, it has a synthesis of the picked pieces of literature. It may describe the possible gaps and contradictions in existing research. The practical relevance and contribution to new studies are also welcome.
What is step 4 outline your literature review structure?
Step 4: Identify Relationships, Key Ideas, and Gaps – Before you can move on to outlining and writing your literature review, the final step is determining the relationships between the studies that already exist. Identifying the relationships will help you organize the existing knowledge, build a solid literature outline, and (if necessary) indicate your own research contribution to a specific field.
- Main themes;
- Contradictions and debates;
- Influential studies or theories;
- Trends and patterns;
Here are a few examples: Common trends may include a focus on specific groups of people across different studies. Most researchers may have increased interest in certain aspects of the topic regarding key themes. Contradictions may include some disagreement concerning the theories and outcomes of a study. And finally, gaps most often refer to a lack of research on certain aspects of a topic.
What is an outline in literature?
An outline is a tool used to organize written ideas about a topic or thesis into a logical order. Outlines arrange major topics, subtopics, and supporting details. Writers use outlines when writing their papers in order to know which topic to cover in what order.
- Outlines for papers can be very general or very detailed.
- Check with your instructor to know which is expected of you.
- Here are some examples of different outlines.
- You can also learn more by watching the short video below,
- The most common type of outline is an alphanumeric outline, or an outline that uses letters and numbers in the following order: I.
Roman Numerals A. I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, etc.B. Represent main ideas to be covered in the paper in the order they will be presented II. Uppercase Letters A. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, etc.B. Represent subtopics within each main idea III.
- Arabic Numbers A.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc.B.
- Represent details or subdivisions within subtopics IV.
- Lowercase Letters A.
- A, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, l, m, etc.B.
- Represent details within subdivisions Outline with main ideas, subtopics, subdivisions and details : Thesis: Drugs should be legalized.I.
Legalization of drugs would reduce crime rates A. Prohibition 1. Before Prohibition, crime rate related to alcohol were low-to-medium 2. During Prohibition, crime rates related to alcohol were high a. Arrests for drunkenness and disorderly conduct increase 41% b.
Federal prison population increased 366% 3. After Prohibition, crime rates related to alcohol were very low B. Amsterdam/Netherlands 1. Before Amsterdam had legalized marijuana, drug-related crime rates were high 2. After Amsterdam had legalized marijuana, drug-related crime rates dropped II. Legalization of drugs would benefit the economy A.
Taxes 1. Local taxes 2. State taxes 3. Federal taxes B. Business Owners 1. Drug production 2. Drug quality testing 3. Drug sales III. Legalization of drugs would benefit public health A. Quality of drugs would increase 1. Fake/dangerous drugs eliminated 2. Fake/placebo drugs eliminated 3.
Each roman numeral (I, II, III, IV) indicates the start of a new paragraph. So I. is the first sentence of the introduction, II. is the first sentence of the first paragraph of the body, III. is the first sentence of the second paragraph of the body, and so on. Each capital letter (A, B, C, D) indicates a main point within the structure of the paragraph. So in our introduction, A. is the attention getter, B. is another attention getter, C. describes a point that makes the topic personal, and D. is the thesis statement. Each Arabic numeral (1, 2, 3, 4) indicates a sentence or piece of supporting evidence for each main point. So in the first body paragraph (II.), point A. is a general statement that needs some additional support, so 1. provides a supporting statement of fact and the citation of where that information came from.2. provides another sentence with supporting evidence, as does 3.
Example of a full-sentence outline: Warming Our World and Chilling Our Future Thesis Statement: Today I want to share what I have learned about global warming and its causes.I. Global warming is alive and well and thriving in Antarctica.A. In winter 1995, an iceberg the size of Rhode Island broke off.B.
- In October 1998, an iceberg the size of Delaware broke off.C.
- All of us have a lot at stake.1.
- Now, I am what you call a “country mouse.” 2.
- I love the outdoors.3.
- You can be a “city mouse,” and like clean air, good water, and not having to worry about sun.D.
- Today I want to share what I have learned about global warming and its causes.
II. Global warming is a gradual warming of the Earth from human activities (citation).A. It is characterized by a high concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.1. Each year five tons of CO2 are pumped into the atmosphere (citation).2. The carbon dioxide traps heat.3.1998 set temperature records (citation).B.
Carbon pollutants also eat a hole in the ozone layer (citation).1. In 1998 this hole set a size record.2. This allows more ultraviolet radiation to reach Earth.C. If this problem is not corrected; we may see disastrous results (citation).1. There could be dramatic climate changes.a. There could be drought in the middle of continents.b.
There could be many severe storms.c. There could be rising sea levels that would destroy coastal areas.2. There could be serious health problems.a. There could be an increase in skin cancer.b. There could be an increase in cataracts.c. There could be damaged immune systems.D.
Now that you understand what global warming is and why it is important, let’s examine its major causes. III. The loss of woodlands adds to global warming (citation). IV. Industrial emissions accelerate global warming (citation).V. Personal energy consumption magnifies global warming (citation). VI. In conclusion, if you want to know why we have global warming, listen for the falling trees, watch the industrial smokestacks darkening the sky, and smell the exhaust fumes we are pumping into the air.A.
Gore told a story on how global warming can sneak up on us.B. Addressing the National Academy of Sciences, the vice president said, “If dropped into a pot of boiling water.” C. The more we know about global warming, the more likely we are to jump and the less likely we are to be cooked.
How do you start an introduction for a literature review?
Your literature review, like any other document, should contain an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Your introduction should clearly explain the overall research topic and the depth of the information to be presented; it often also explains the types of sources that will be used.
What does a step outline include?
|This article does not any, Please help by, Unsourced material may be challenged and, Find sources: – · · · · ( March 2016 ) ( )|
A step outline (more commonly called a beat sheet) is a detailed telling of a story with the intention of turning the story into a for a, The step outline briefly details every scene of the screenplay’s story, and often has indications for and interactions. The scenes are often numbered for convenience. It can also be an extremely useful tool for a writer working on a,
What are the 6 characteristics of a good literature review?
Characteristics of an effective literature review Outlining important research trends. Assessing strengths and weaknesses (of individual studies as well the existing research as a whole). Identifying potential gaps in knowledge. Establishing a need for current and/or future research projects.
What is a brief outline of a paper?
How to Write an Outline
|How to Write an Outline (from http://www.lavc.edu/Library/outline.htm)|
What is it? An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in a speech or a paper. The outline shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts. Order in an Outline There are many ways to arrange the different parts of a subject.
- Sometimes, a chronological arrangement works well.
- At other times, a spatial arrangement is best suited to the material.
- The most common order in outlines is to go from the general to the specific.
- This means you begin with a general idea and then support it with specific examples.
- Thesis Statement of Summarizing Sentence All outlines should begin with a thesis statement of summarizing sentence.
This thesis sentence presents the central idea of the paper. It must always be a complete, grammatical sentence, specific and brief, which expresses the point of view you are taking towards the subject. Types of Outlines The two main types of outlines are the topic outline and the sentence outline,
2. Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts.3. Headings for parts of the paper of speech such as, Introduction and Conclusion, should not be used.4. Be consistent. Do not mix up the two types of outlines. Use either whole sentences of brief phrases, but not both.
- Sample Topic Outline: Choices in College and After
- Thesis: The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work.
- I. Two decisions described
A. Art history or chemistry 1. Professional considerations 2. Personal considerations B. A third year of French?
- 1. Practical advantages of knowing a foreign language
- 2. Intellectual advantages
- 3. The issue of necessity
II. Definition of the problem A. Decisions about occupation B. Decisions about a kind of life to lead III. Temporary resolution of the problem A. To hold open a professional possibility: chemistry B. To take advantage of cultural gains already made: French Sample Sentence Outline: Choices in College and After Thesis: The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work.I.
I have two decisions to make with respect to choosing college courses in the immediate future.A. One is whether to elect a course in art history or in chemistry.1. One time in my life, I planned to be a chemical engineer professionally.2. On the other hand, I enjoy art and plan to travel and see more of it.B.
The second decision is whether to continue a third year of French beyond the basic college requirement.1. French might be useful both in engineering and travel.2. Furthermore, I am eager to read good books which are written in French.3. How necessary are these considerations in the light of other courses I might take instead? II.
My problem can be put in the form of a dilemma involving larger questions about my whole future.A. On the one hand I want to hold a highly-trained position in a lucrative profession.B. On the other hand I want to lead a certain kind of life, with capacities for values not connected with the making of money.
III. I will have to make a decision balancing the conflicting needs I have described.A. I will hold open the professional possibilities by electing chemistry.B. I will improve and solidify what cultural proficiency in another language I have already gained, by electing French.