How Many Sources For A Literature Review?
The length and depth of your literature review depends on the length of your project. If you are writing a 10-page argument paper, you may have room to include 5-6 sources to review, because you will also be establishing your argument as well, but there’s no hard equation for how many or how much.
How many sources do you need for a literature review?
How much do you need? – This will depend on the length of the dissertation, the nature of the subject, and the level of study (undergraduate, Masters, PhD). As a very rough rule of thumb – you may choose 8-10 significant pieces (books and/or articles) for an 8,000 word dissertation, up to 20 major pieces of work for 12-15,000 words, and so on.
How many articles is enough for a literature review?
Example: A paper that has 10 pages of content (the body of the paper) needs at least 10 sources in its literature review. A thesis of 100 pages (in the body) includes at least 100 sources.
How many sources do I need for a 5 page research paper?
How many references should you use in a 4 to 6 page essay? – The best person to ask is your Instructor, to see what his/her expectations are for the essay. There is no official rule, as every paper is different with varying requirements specified by the Instructor. If your Instructor is not clear, here are some general guidelines:
Usually 3-4 reliable sources should be sufficient. This should be enough external information to complement your original thoughts/ideas. With too many sources, the essay becomes a compilation of opinions from other writers instead of your own.
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Is 30 references too much?
How many references should I have?
Use as many references as you need You’ll need an appropriate amount for your academic level – this will vary Reference everything you cite If you use an idea, cite and reference it Ask your tutor They may have guidance for you on how much reading they expect you to do
Students sometimes worry that there is an optimum number of references that they need to cite. There’s no right or wrong answer answer as to how many references you need – it depends on how many you’ve cited in your writing! The most important thing is that you don’t plagiarise.
- Make sure you include references for everything that you’ve cited in the text, so that it’s clear where your information has come from.
- Depending on what you’re writing, you might have only a few.
- As long as they are appropriate for your level of study, and you have enough evidence to back your arguments, you shouldn’t worry.
Lab reports, for example, might have relatively few references because you are writing up work that you have done in the labs. You can also look at the marking criteria for your assignment as that might indicate on what is or isn’t sufficient. If in doubt, check with whoever set you the work as they might be able to give you a clearer idea.
Is 5 references enough?
Three is the minimum number of references to include on your job application. The employer may be able to form a thorough impression of you as a candidate after listening to diverse perspectives. However, the number of references required may depend on the role and the company.
How many sources should a 5000 word research paper have?
5000 word essay: 33 sources (or more) listed in the reference list.
How many sources should a Phd literature review have?
FAQ – What is the purpose of a literature review? The purpose of a literature review is to evaluate and summarise the existing knowledge around a topic, identify gaps in research and determine which questions remain unanswered. It helps in establishing the scope of a research project, showing its originality and justifying why it is required.
- What are the types of literature reviews? There are many different types of literature reviews; they include narrative (traditional) reviews, systematic reviews, quantitative reviews, scoping reviews, meta-analysis reviews, theoretical reviews, conceptual reviews, critical reviews etc.
- Most literature reviews for theses and dissertations rely on critical reviews.
What makes a good literature review? A good literature review isn’t just a summary of several research papers, but critically discusses them, their strengths and weaknesses and their research gaps. It should provide your study with a theoretical foundation and help you establish the nature of your research.
- It shows signs of unification and understanding of your topic.
- What are the sources for a literature review? Sources for literature reviews fall in one of two categories: primary sources or secondary sources.
- Primary sources are original works such as journals, papers, interviews and drawing records.
- Secondary sources are non-original works such as books, magazines, biographies and other literature reviews.
How many references for a literature review? There is no limit or requirement on the number of sources for a literature review. A research paper typically has 20 – 50 references but can go up to 100 in some cases. For a thesis and its incorporated literature review, the number of references can exceed 150; however, this is project dependent.
How do you cite a literature review? It may be sensible to cite a literature review’s sources if only using parts of it. In-text citations should be made by listing the author’s surname name and the publication year; all encased in parentheses. For multiple authors, ‘et al.’ should be used after the first author’s name, e.g.(Smith et al., 2002).
How do you avoid bias in a literature review? Bias in literature reviews can be minimised by having a clear study scope, following an inclusion and exclusion protocol, using multiple information sources, including scientific studies that disagree with your hypothesis, and reviewing the credibility of the data, method design and conclusions of any studies for potential author bias.
How do you evaluate for a literature review? To evaluate a source, ask yourself these questions: what are the author’s credentials and area of expertise? Is their methodology, assumptions and analysis valid and based on sound practice? Do the findings agree or disagree with other literature? Is it directly relevant to your research topic, and is the research up-to-date ? Should you provide your personal opinions in a literature review? No, you shouldn’t include personal opinions to avoid potential bias; this includes using emotional language.
A literature review should, however, critically evaluate existing research and identify any potential flaws or limitations if thy exist. The aim is to be objective and impartial, not subjective and opinionated. Can you use ‘I’ in a literature review? For purposes of remaining objective and unbiased, literature reviews should avoid the use of ‘I’ or any other first-person terminology; they should be written in third-person throughout.
- What is a critical literature review? A critical review is a type of literature review and is critical in nature.
- It will scrutinise all aspects of existing literature, from its sources and assumptions to its methodologies and interpretations.
- A critical literature review aims to determine the validity and trustworthiness of a research study.
How to structure a literature review? The structure of a literature review should contain three parts: an introduction, the main body and a conclusion. Each section should be clearly organised and structured chronologically in that it explains the need for your research, the state of current literature, any knowledge gaps, and how your study fits into it.
- How to write an abstract for a literature review? An abstract should be written as a summary of your literature review.
- It should outline the reason for your study, the significance of your research topic, the types of literature used, your review findings, and the conclusions you have come to.
- How long should a literature review be? In general, the length of a literature review should make up 10-20% of your research paper, thesis or dissertation and have its own chapter.
For a thesis, this means a literature review should be approximately 6,000 to 12,000 words long, with the actual length varying based on your subject. How to introduce a literature review? The introduction should define your topic and it’s scope. It should explain the reasons for selecting the literature you have and outline the structure your literature review is to follow.
- The aim is to explain why your research is required.
- How to conclude a literature review? Your conclusion should summarise the key points of the literature reviewed, evaluate the validity of the literature, discuss any potential knowledge gaps, identify opportunities for future study and relate your proposed research to existing knowledge.
How to plan, start and write a literature review?
- Decide on a research area and an associated research question.
- Decide on the extent of your scope and start looking for literature.
- Review and evaluate the literature.
- Plan an outline for your literature review and start writing it.
How many references for a 10,000 word literature review?
Number of words – The longer the assignment, the greater the number of references required. As a general rule, there should be between 8 – 12 references for every 1,000 words. However, this should also be determined in the context of the above considerations.
Tags: academic paper, academic work, academic writing, writing, writing process
What is the 10 year rule for research?
First identified by the psychologist John Hayes in 1989 and soon endorsed by other psychologists, the rule states that a person must persevere with learning and practising a craft or discipline for about 10 years before he or she can make a breakthrough.
How long should a literature review be in a 5000 word dissertation?
Literature review (1,200 to 2,000 words)
How long does it take to write a 3000 word literature review?
So you’ve left your 3,000 word essay until the last minute? Not ideal, but don’t stress. You can make it happen by following our steps. Credit: Prostock-studio, mialapi, Olga_Shestakova – Shutterstock We know. You had every intention of getting your essay done before the deadline, but sometimes life gets in the way. Writing 3,000 words can take anywhere between six and 24 hours depending on the topic.
- But, with our tips, you can easily get the essay done within a day.
- Get your head down and you could meet the deadline, and even produce an essay you’re proud of.
- Best of all, you can adapt our tips for a 2,000 word essay, a 4,000 word essay, or whatever length – all in a day! Take a deep breath.
- Remain calm.
Here’s how to write an essay fast. There are many reasons students find themselves in this pressurised situation (some more innocent than others). We’re not here to judge, just help you make the best of a tricky situation.
What are the 5 C’s of literature review?
Prioritizing Principles for Good Academic Writing Producing good academic writing is a difficult skill to master, and writing for an academic audience is different than writing for other audiences. As an academic writer, you must approach topics differently than you might as a journalist or creative author, and you must emphasize certain skills, such as writing clearly, and ignore other skills that you might have been taught in other contexts, such as using expressive imagery.
How many sources should a 10 page research paper have?
How many sources for a 10-page paper? – As a standard rule of thumb for research paper sources, a page should have one source. Therefore, a 10-page paper should have a minimum of 10 references or credible sources. However, if the topic is too complex, you can still use the ten or 15 sources. Thus, ten sources are efficient for a college, university, or graduate-level 10-page research paper.
How fast can you write a 5 page research paper?
Average time for writing a 5-page paper – If we assume that one page has roughly 500 words, then a 5-page paper should require 2,500 words. From experience, in order to write about 2,500 words in an effective way, you would need about 4-8 days (between 625/words per day at the most, and 313 words/day if you are spacing it out over 8 days).
|Words per day||How long to write 5 pages?|
|est.313 words||about 8 days|
|est.500 words||about 5 days|
|est.625 words||about 4 days|
Regardless of whether your paper needs to cover a lot of information or if not, it is always a good idea to write over an extended period of time instead of writing everything at one go. This usually ensures a higher quality for your paper. Students undergoing academic programs at various higher institutions all over the world may occasionally be tasked to prepare 5-page papers.
- These 5-page papers may not be as long as projects and theses but they require no less attention.
- Students who assume that 5 pages are too few to attract serious concern can end up struggling to produce quality work.
- Before estimating how long it takes to write a 5-page paper, it is necessary to first estimate the number of words a typical 5-page paper will contain.
But coming up with both estimates involves a complex mix of factors. Factors that can affect the number of words in a 5-page paper
Writing/typing speed Paper format Font size Spacing Paragraphing Use of images/illustrations
How many words are in a 5-page paper? As noted above, a number of variables can determine the word length in a 5-page paper. Previously we said that one page is about 500 words. However, different combinations of these variables will lead to different word lengths.
- For instance, a combination of times new roman font size 12 and single line spacing with about 6 paragraphs of not more than 5 sentences each (all on A4 paper) will contain around 570 words or thereabout.
- So 570 x 5 = 2850 words.
- Factors that can affect how long it takes to write a 5-page paper The nature of the paper Though no academic discipline or course can be described as easy, still, there are courses that are clearly more tasking or tedious than others.
An assignment in physics, engineering, or math can be a lot more demanding than summarizing a book chapter in literature, or writing an essay for an English language class, for example. While the latter can take you a few hours or even minutes to complete, any of the former can take several hours or even days to tackle successfully.
- Also, academic papers sometimes come with strict formal guidelines the student must comply with.
- For instance, many academic papers require the student to include citations in the main body of the paper and references at the end of it.
- This implies that a student facing such conditions will have to conduct significant research for appropriate sources to cite in his or her paper.
Such research can end up being more time-consuming than a paper that does not require citations and references. Similarly, the student may also be asked to use one of the several style guides (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and others). Each of these guides has its own rules on several aspects of writing (punctuation, quotation, capitalization, citation, referencing, etc).
Observing all these rules can affect how long it takes to write a 5-page paper. The proficiency of the writer The ability to continuously knit words together to make chronological and logical sense varies from individual to individual. While some students have worked hard to improve their writing skills and become wordsmiths, others tend to struggle to put even one paragraph together.
For those that have developed a high level of proficiency in English (or whatever language they are writing with), a 5-page paper is just another exciting exercise that shouldn’t take much time immediately research is concluded. For the other group, it is yet another nightmare that will take days to get over (some will eventually outsource their assignments to any of the proficient students at a cost).
- The writer’s time management skills Apart from their studies, all students need to allocate time to several areas of life that also require attention.
- This means that a student must be a very efficient manager of time if he or she intends to achieve academic excellence and still cope effectively with other facets of life such as family, religion, work, etc.
One way to manage time efficiently is to construct a schedule for your daily activities and ensure you religiously comply with it. This will help ensure minimal conflicts between time for academic and non-academic activities. If you still find time management difficult after creating a schedule, be sure to seek advice from professionals in the field.
The internet and time management books will also be very helpful. The writing format Format here has to do with whether the 5-page paper has to be written manually in an exercise book or typewritten. At the post-graduate level, the norm is usually to type all papers meant to be submitted albeit there may be instances where students are allowed to submit manually written papers.
Therefore, how long it takes to write a 5-page paper can vary between an exercise book (say foolscap sheets) and a standard typing sheet such as A4 since both are not of the same size. Deadline for submission It is usually the case for professors and other lecturers to assign specific deadlines for assignments such as a 5-page paper.
Construct a time management schedule Develop genuine interest in the topic Conduct in-depth research Adhere to all formal instructions Avoid distractions Construct an outline for the paper Edit edit edit!
So how long will it take to write a 5-page paper? Considering the factors highlighted above, it becomes a difficult task to say exactly how long it will take to write a 5-page paper due to the complexity of the matter. It is due to this complexity that most institutions and instructors will clearly specify their desired font size, spacing, citation/reference format, etc to make things clearer for students.
However, any student that is very serious about his or her studies should endeavor to complete a 5-page paper between 48 to 72 hours. If you have the luxury of a long deadline, you can delay submission and edit painstakingly for a few more days in a bid to make the paper as robust as possible. Finally, remember to take a short break every now and then from writing if you feel overwhelmed.
Also make sure that you are using reliable sources that are authoritative in your space. The fastest way to write a paper is to start writing today! Try to write at least 300 words per day if possible. Try to avoid information overload by remembering that the first version of your short paper is a rough draft, and you can always improve it later on, : How long does it take to write a 5-page paper?
Do all sources need to be in literature review?
While you have to cite every source that you reference properly, you defenitely don’t have to discuss every source in the literature review. Some sources you cite might only be needed for little things like an equation, a standard used for testing, or a confirmation of an hypothesis you make, market projections, single statistical results, etc.
Do I have to use all my sources in a literature review?
Find a focus – A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time.
How many sources should a 7 page paper have?
Beginning a research paper can be overwhelming unless you know how to set goals for yourself when you read. Think of gathering sources as a triangle where the top are the 5-6 excellent sources: 5-6 excellent sources -read 10-12 good ones-skim 20-30 available sources-find 40 titles in databases-begin with For a research paper of about 7-10 pages, you should think of gathering 40 titles exactly on your subject from a variety of places (see below).
- But only 20-30 will be available to you (some will be missing, others dont arrive in time from interlibrary loan, others are misleading and dont relate to your subject at all).
- When you do find what is available, then skim these sources and make a quick decision: yes or no? Those that look good (that answer your research question) you save.
Pitch those that dont address your specific question. Finally, we come to READING. Save your precious time only for those 5-6 BEST sources; those are the ones you want for quotes and paraphrases in your eventual draft. VARIETY OF SOURCES Most students need a variety of sourcesnot just books or journal articles or web sites.
books, chapters in books (books are often easier to read than journals) journal articles magazine articles newspaper articles Internet Web sites
You find these sources through INDEXES, either on the computer or in the library reserve section. An index is a collection of whats been written in a particular area for a particular year. At CSU, you can access these indexes through the library web site using the following steps:
find the CSU web site www.csuohio.edu go to the libraries page: Michael Schwartz Library ( http://library.csuohio.edu/) Law Library ( https://www.law.csuohio.edu/lawlibrary/ ) click on Indexes and Abstracts you can search by Title and Subjec t the most general index is Periodical Abstracts good for quick info but not always scholarly check a number of databases until your subject comes up easily dont get discouraged no one knows all these databases or how they work, just keep at it for about 1-2 hours. be VERY VERY selective about the titles you pick aim for 40 on your subject. The databases can bring up thousands of hitsbe very selective.
CHECKING AVAILABILITY Once you have a working title list, make another separate trip to the library for the next stepthis stuff can be very tedious and your short term memory tires quickly so its better to make separate trips of only 2 hours maximum.
- Now you have to find your sources.
- If you go into OhioLink, you can check whether CSU owns it or not.
- If we do, you can find the source yourself in the library.
- If not, you have 2 choices.
- If another OhioLink school owns it, make your request through OhioLink.
- If no school owns it, you have to go through Interlibrary Loan.
You find their web site on the main page of the Library web page. In either case, you dont have to leave your chair to order your sources. Just remember: OhioLink will NOT call you to tell you your books have arrived. You have to check the SCHOLAR page under “View Your Own Record” to see the status of your order.
It takes about a week for most books to come in through OhioLink; Interlibrary Loan can take longer. ANNOTATING AND NOTETAKING For sources youve skimmed, make up annotating cards as follows: Goleman, Daniel. Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam, 1995. -looks great for my subject, especially Chap.9 on marriage The card has the usual bibliographical information and a quick note to remind yourself about what you wanted to read.
Another set of cardsnotecardscan be used for your quotes and paraphrases. The 2 cardsannotating and notetaking cardsmake writing easier because your cards can be indexed according to subjects. See the example below: Goleman success in marriage (my subject) 143successful couples “show each other that they are being listened to.