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How Many Appraisals Did Fannie Review To Determine If There Was Appraisal Discrimination?

How Many Appraisals Did Fannie Review To Determine If There Was Appraisal Discrimination?
For this study, Fannie Mae analyzed 1.8 million appraisals conducted as part of refinance applications from 2019 – 2020, in which homeowners self-identified as Black or white non-Hispanic.

Does Fannie Mae require appraisals?

Originating & Underwriting To help make prudent underwriting decisions, mortgage lenders rely on appraisers to provide thorough, accurate, and objective appraisal reports for reliable opinions of market value. For most loans, Fannie Mae requires that the lender obtain a signed and complete appraisal report that accurately reflects the market value, condition, and marketability of the property.

Does Fannie Mae allow a second appraisal?

Fannie Mae will allow the use of an origination appraisal for a subsequent transaction if the following requirements are met: The subsequent transaction may only be a limited cash-out refinance. The age of the appraisal report must be less than 12 months from the note date of the subsequent transaction.

What is a Fannie Mae appraisal?

Learning Center To help them make prudent underwriting decisions, mortgage lenders rely on appraisers to provide thorough, accurate, and objective appraisal reports for reliable opinions of market value. The appraisal is used to judge the property’s acceptability for the mortgage loan requested in view of its value and marketability.

Is appraisal mandatory?

Key facts –

An appraisal is a formal opportunity to analyse your performance at work, which also offers you a chance to talk to your employer about your career plans. Appraisals are not required by law, but they can be useful for both you and your employer to review progress and discuss wider work issues. Appraisals should not be used as part of the disciplinary procedure. Appraisals can be used to evaluate pay increases and bonuses. You should be given a written record of your appraisal meeting.

What are Fannie Mae requirements?

With loans from either Fannie Mae or its competitor Freddie Mac, you’ll need a qualifying FICO ® Score of at least 620. If you’re an individual borrower, your qualifying score is the median between the three major credit bureaus – Experian™, Equifax ® and TransUnion ®.

What is an appraisal review?

What is an appraisal review? In general terms, an appraisal review is a formal evaluation of the quality of an appraiser’s work, performed by another appraiser.

Can an appraiser appraise the same property twice?

Don’t Assume You Did it “Right” the First Time. (article updated March 2020) It is not unusual for an appraiser to be asked to appraise the same property on more than one occasion. Sometimes, it is a coincidence. The client may have no idea the appraiser had a history with the property and the appraiser might not even remember until he or she inspects the property and recalls having been there before. Get the latest Claim Alerts delivered to your inbox. In other cases, an appraiser might be retained, specifically, because they did appraise the property in the past. Since that appraiser already has some knowledge, and familiarity with the property, the client might think it makes sense to retain them over someone else.

Each appraisal assignment should be approached as a “new” assignment, and NOT as a “do over.” Problems can arise if the appraiser simply duplicates information from an old report into a new report without taking the time to verify or to double check what was contained in the old report. If an error was made in the first report, the appraiser compounds the problem when that error is repeated, sometimes multiple times.

We have seen this scenario give rise to several claims. The majority of those claims involve incorrect square footage figures. Here are two examples of claims that were made when an original mistake was carried over into subsequent reports: In 2015, a Kentucky appraiser was retained to prepare a purchase loan appraisal for a lender/client.

The property was a small, 2-story office building. The appraiser measured the property to be about 3200 square feet. The listing showed 3300 square feet, so the appraiser assumed his measurement was accurate. The appraiser discovered, however, that the local assessor’s office was showing the property as only having about 1500 square feet.

This discrepancy caused the appraiser no concern. He knew that assessor records were often inaccurate. The appraiser completed his report with no mention of the contradictory assessor’s records. He estimated value to be $525,000. In 2017, the same appraiser was hired by the same lender/client.

  1. This time, the assignment was to prepare a refinance appraisal.
  2. When the appraiser inspected the building, he found that the owner had it leased out to a single tenant, a small accounting firm.
  3. The appraiser remembered inspecting the building 2 years prior.
  4. He carried over most of the information from his old report into the refinance appraisal, including his original square footage figure.

The assessor’s office was still showing the property as having only 1500 square feet. The appraiser said nothing about this in his second appraisal. In 2019, the owner wanted to sell the building. The tenant decided to exercise the option to purchase, set forth in the lease agreement.

The tenant hired an appraiser to help determine a purchase price and that report indicated that the property was worth less than $400,000, based upon square footage of about 1600 square feet. The tenant’s appraiser assigned a significantly lower value to the second floor of the building than he assigned to the first floor.

The property owner was confused by the tenant’s appraisal, so he hired his own appraiser and that appraiser said the property was also worth less than $400,000 based, in part, on the fact that the second story could not be used as office space. It was discovered that a prior owner of the building added the second story without permits.

  1. While the quality of the construction was good, the ceiling height was too low.
  2. The second story could only be used for storage.
  3. It could not be used as office space.
  4. The tenant could not exercise their option and terminated the lease.
  5. The owner could not rent out the property and defaulted on the mortgage.

The lender/client has a loan balance of about $450,000 and the property is worth less than $350,000. The lender has put the insured appraiser on notice that it will be pursuing a claim against the appraiser for the losses suffered after the property is sold.

The appraiser had two chances to investigate the square footage discrepancy. At the very least, the discrepancy should have been highlighted in the appraisals to put the client on notice. Now the appraiser will have to spend his time defending this claim. An Ohio appraiser was hired to appraise a small commercial building divided into 6 separate suites.

The appraiser valued the property for the first time in 2012 in connection with a purchase money loan. The property was measured to have 10,184 square feet and the estimated value was $1.3M. The appraiser was contacted in 2015 by the building owner. The owner had paid off his loan and he owned the building, with no encumbrances.

The owner had also made some modifications to the building and provided the plans to the appraiser. When the appraiser asked the purpose of the appraisal, he was told the owner wanted it for “Asset Management”. This was also the “Intended Use” noted in the report. The owner was the only stated “Intended User”.

Unfortunately, the appraiser misread the construction plans he had been provided. He stated that the improvements had added 7500 square feet to the property for a total square footage of 17,684. In reality, the construction had only added 3500 square feet to the property, so the total square footage was 13,684.

  1. In 2017, 2018 and 2019, the appraiser was called to appraise the building for the property owner.
  2. Each year, he was told the reason for the report was “Asset Management”.
  3. In each report this was the stated “Intended Use”.
  4. In each report, the total square footage was reported to be 17,684.
  5. The appraiser never measured the property after he had originally done so back in 2012.
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When the 2019 report was delivered, the appraiser got a call from the owner asking for a meeting. The appraiser was advised that earlier in the year, one of the tenants had acquired a partial ownership interest in the property. The purchase price he agreed to pay was based, in part, on the insured’s 2018 appraisal.

  • The new partner had not looked over the 2018 report, in detail, but he did read the recently prepared 2019 report and he had some concerns.
  • The new partner pointed out that the appraisal overstated the square footage of the building by 4000 square feet.
  • That meant the appraised value was also overstated by, at least, $500,000.

The appraiser also learned that, since 2015, the building owner had been using the appraised value as a basis for setting the tenants’ rental amount. That meant the owner had been overcharging tenants for years and this was all the fault of the appraiser.

  • The new owner also claimed that he paid more for his partial interest based on the inflated appraisal.
  • The owners said that they would be meeting with the company lawyer and their accountant to figure out their damages and they were hopeful the appraiser’s insurance company would agree to settle so that a lawsuit did not have to be filed.

A demand was forthcoming in an amount in excess of $750,000. The appraiser insisted that he did not intend for his reports to be relied upon to determine rental amounts for the tenants or to set a partial interest purchase price. Unfortunately, the “Intended Use” and “Intended User” language in the appraisals was pretty vague.

When asked, the appraiser could not define “Asset Management” which was the stated “Intended Use” in his reports. It clearly appears that the appraiser made a mistake back in 2015 when he misread the plans he had been provided. He exacerbated that mistake by not measuring the property in 2015, or in subsequent years.

With that said, we think a defense can be raised that the property owner should know the size of the property they own. It was the owner that oversaw the construction project in 2015. If they had read the appraisals closely, they could have seen the erroneous square footage figures, and they could have brought it to the attention of the appraiser.

  • The owners argue they were relying on the appraisal reports to determine how much rent to charge the tenants, yet at the same time they claim they did not read the reports closely enough to see that the square footage was overstated.
  • This claim has not been resolved so we do not know how the credibility of the owners, or the appraiser, will be judged.

Conclusion It is important to treat each appraisal as a new assignment. Inspect each property. Measure each property. Check prior reports for typos or math errors. The time it takes to verify your prior findings could be well worth it if a claim is avoided or minimized.

What is the appraisal review process?

An appraisal review is the ‘ process of developing and communicating an opinion about the quality of all or part of the work of another appraiser.’1 An appraisal review is intended to provide information to the intended users about the credibility of the work under review.

What percentage requires a second appraisal?

For homebuyers who are in the mortgage approval process, there are times when the mortgage lender will require two appraisals. The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) requires mandatory two appraisals for a home that a seller has purchased within 180 days and has resold it for a profit of 100% or more.

Why would you need a second appraisal?

Second mortgage after purchase – You may need a second appraisal if you’re getting a second mortgage right after closing on your purchase loan. Often second lien lenders won’t use the original appraisal, especially if you’re doing a home improvement second where the new appraisal must factor in potential improvements.

Can you ask for a second appraisal?

last reviewed: SEP 04, 2020 If the home you’re buying is considered a “flip” and you’re getting a higher-priced mortgage loan covered under new mortgage rules, you will have to get a second appraisal. A “flip” is when:

You buy a home from a seller who bought the home less than six months ago and;You pay a certain amount more than the seller paid for the home:

10 percent more if the seller bought the home within the past 90 days.20 percent more if the seller bought the home in the past 91 to 180 days.

When you buy a “flipped” home, your lender must pay for a second appraisal of the home that includes an inside inspection. The lender cannot charge you for this second appraisal. Keep in mind that not all flips are subject to this requirement. For example, flips in rural areas are exempt because those areas might have fewer appraisers available.

What is the difference between 1007 and 216?

What is the difference between 1007 and 216? – Fannie Mae Form 1007 is used to provide an estimated market rent for the subject. Fannie Mae Form 216 is used to estimate the operating income associated with income-producing property. Report Includes: Complete 1007 and 216 reports and front-view photos of each comparable property.

What are the different types of appraisal forms?

An appraisal form is a document that managers and human resources staff use to evaluate the performance of employees. The form often includes ratings and room for comments on performance. On an appraisal form, managers keep track of employees’ achievements and contributions during a specific period.

What is Fannie Mae responsible for?

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were created by Congress. They perform an important role in the nation’s housing finance system – to provide liquidity, stability and affordability to the mortgage market. They provide liquidity (ready access to funds on reasonable terms) to the thousands of banks, savings and loans, and mortgage companies that make loans to finance housing.

  • Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac buy mortgages from lenders and either hold these mortgages in their portfolios or package the loans into mortgage-backed securities (MBS) that may be sold.
  • Lenders use the cash raised by selling mortgages to the Enterprises to engage in further lending.
  • The Enterprises’ purchases help ensure that individuals and families that buy homes and investors that purchase apartment buildings and other multifamily dwellings have a continuous, stable supply of mortgage money.

By packaging mortgages into MBS and guaranteeing the timely payment of principal and interest on the underlying mortgages, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac attract to the secondary mortgage market investors who might not otherwise invest in mortgages, thereby expanding the pool of funds available for housing.

  • That makes the secondary mortgage market more liquid and helps lower the interest rates paid by homeowners and other mortgage borrowers.
  • Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac also can help stabilize mortgage markets and protect housing during extraordinary periods when stress or turmoil in the broader financial system threaten the economy.

The Enterprises’ support for mortgage lending that finances affordable housing reduces the cost of such borrowing. Fannie Mae was first chartered by the U.S. government in 1938 to help ensure a reliable and affordable supply of mortgage funds throughout the country.

Today it is a shareholder-owned company that operates under a congressional charter. Fannie Mae Web Site Fannie Mae Charter Act Freddie Mac was chartered by Congress in 1970 as a private company to likewise help ensure a reliable and affordable supply of mortgage funds throughout the country. Today it is a shareholder-owned company that operates under a congressional charter.

Freddie Mac Web Site Freddie Mac Charter Act

Can an appraisal be negative?

If you have a performance appraisal soon and you’re nervous, you’re not alone. Performance appraisals are nerve-wracking for just about everyone. Managers dread giving them. Employees dread getting them. But still, they happen! Despite efforts to revamp the process and find a better way, annual performance appraisals are still an inevitable part of the corporate world.

All we can do is try to make the best of them. But what if your worst fears are realized? What if that performance review is negative, and your manager is saying words you are both shocked and dismayed to hear? It can happen. Research shows even the highest-performing employees can get negative feedback —and be devastated by it.

As the saying goes, however, it’s not how you act, it’s how you react, So be ready to react appropriately should you get feedback that’s less than stellar this year, and turn that negative into a positive. Yes, a positive: A poor performance review can be an opportunity for you—as long as you handle it correctly.

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Go into the meeting with an open mind. You’re setting the tone right from the very start if you walk in willing to hear whatever your manager has to say without having a knee-jerk reaction to it. That’s not to say it won’t bother you to hear something you don’t like. Criticism is hard to take, and it’s only human nature to take the criticism personally, especially when we see ourselves as trying so hard to perform well at work. But be open to it and be ready for it so that you can react in a professional manner. Practice a few neutral responses ahead of time if you’re concerned you’ll hear something negative and you don’t trust yourself to handle it well. This is particularly helpful if your manager is lacking in communication skills and might deliver negative feedback in an unnecessarily harsh manner. Take it with a grain of salt. Almost half of human resources professionals surveyed think these types of reviews fail to provide an accurate appraisal of an employee’s performance. If you remember that these appraisals don’t necessarily need to be completely accurate, you’re less likely to over-react in a defensive way if you don’t like what you’re hearing. The criticism might be spot on, or it might not be. If you take it with a grain of salt, you’ll react more calmly at the outset and buy yourself some time to consider the feedback objectively later. Accept that it could be very good for you. Negative feedback could be an indication that your manager sees you’re capable of more than you think you are, and that push can be good for your career in the long-term, challenging you to move out of your comfort zone. Almost all employees responding to a survey question about negative feedback agreed that it can help to improve performance if delivered appropriately. And if it’s not delivered appropriately, having an open mind and taking it with a grain of salt can help. Recognize that it’s not necessarily a bad thing to get a bad review. If you only get glowing reviews from your manager, that might be an indication that he or she isn’t really paying attention. No one is perfect. Look at the feedback as a way to become aware of weaknesses that you’re blind to, and be grateful your manager is paying attention to your work—even if it’s not in a way you’d like. Take some time to consider what was said. Your first inclination might be to feel hurt and make excuses, and maybe at first that’s okay as a natural reaction. After that however, you need to seriously consider the criticism and find the truth in it. If you’re still unclear about the negative feedback after taking time to objectively think about it, ask for a follow-up meeting with your manager to discuss it. Ask for more information, or for a specific example of a time when you exhibited the behavior in question. It very well could be that your manager was missing some vital information, misreading a situation, or taking another employee’s input at face value without questioning the validity of it. Or maybe you misunderstood expectations or timelines. Don’t go into this meeting with a confrontational or defensive attitude, but with a willingness to explore the issue and either learn from it (if it’s true) or clear it up (if it’s not). Take the initiative to improve. Once you understand the reason for the negative feedback, plan to do better. Simply saying you’ll do better is unlikely to bring about a change. You’ll start out with good intentions, then quickly slip back into old patterns and behaviors, or forget about the goals altogether. By establishing a plan of action, you’ll have measurable goals and set timelines to keep you focused on improvement. If your manager isn’t part of this conversation, share the plan with him or her after you’ve developed it, both to get feedback on it and to demonstrate your willingness to take action and improve. Be honest with yourself if it’s your skill set that’s called into question, Lack of technical depth is one of the top 10 reasons for a poor performance appraisal. If you suspect this could come up during your appraisal, or it did, look into expanding your capabilities through online learning. Discover the courses or certifications that can fill that skills gap, and share with your manager your plan for pursuing this additional training. Ask for more regular feedback moving forward, If negative feedback caught you off guard, ask your manager to give you feedback on a more regular basis. This might help you avoid a negative review in the future as you get input more often, but it can also increase your level of engagement at work, which will lead to a better review next time. Research shows 43 percent of highly engaged employees get feedback at least once a week. Use it as a catalyst for change. If you’ve been in denial about your lack of satisfaction with your job, consider whether this negative feedback is a result of your attitude. Maybe you’re in a position or company that simply isn’t a good fit for you. Perhaps you’re not doing the work you want to be doing, or you were promised opportunities for advancement when hired and those opportunities failed to materialize. If this is the case, then use the negative feedback to do a self-assessment of where you are in this job at this company at this time. Consider earning a certification and expanding your skillset so you can transition to a job that is a better fit—and more likely to lead to better performance reviews.

Can you reject an appraisal?

Can I Legally Decline Signing a Performance Appraisal? By Ruth Mayhew Updated August 08, 2018 Some employers have workplace policies they require employees to sign as a condition of employment. However, other employers won’t threaten termination or legal action if employees don’t sign certain policies or documents.

Before you consider exercising your legal right to refuse signing your performance appraisal or any other workplace records and documents, read your employment handbook or ask the HR department to explain which documents you may be legally required to sign versus which documents require your signature as a condition of continued employment with the organization.

Human resources develops workplace policies to provide structure to the organization. Without structure, there exists the possibility that employment matters wouldn’t be handled in a consistent manner, which would lead to employee complaints including litigation based on unfair employment practices.

Common workplace policies that require employee signatures include acknowledgements for handbooks, confidentiality procedures, non-compete clauses and drug-free workplace policies. Employees are required to sign these types of acknowledgements, which the company can later use to show that employees who may have violated certain policies did, in fact, have knowledge of the policy.

The requirement to sign these documents is based on workplace policy and not law. Signing a performance appraisal is not like signing to acknowledge receipt of the employee handbook or acknowledging that you read and agreed to the company’s drug-free workplace policy.

  1. In many instances, signing the performance appraisal simply means that you received the document and that you were present during the meeting to discuss your performance.
  2. Your signature may not mean that you agree to the appraisal rating.
  3. The problem with refusing to sign a performance appraisal is that your refusal can introduce an adversarial tone to the appraisal discussion.
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In addition, your supervisor will likely tell you that refusing to sign the appraisal form won’t change the outcome. It’s always wise to ask what your signature actually means. That being said, you always are legally within your civil rights to decline signing any employment document.

  1. The question is, what are the implications related to your employer’s policy – not legal consequences – if you refuse to sign? You are not legally required to sign a performance appraisal nor will you be threatened with legal action if you refuse to sign your performance appraisal.
  2. However, if you do refuse, your supervisor or an HR staff member will probably indicate on the signature line that you refused to sign.

Instead of allowing someone else to express what you intended by your refusal to sign, consider writing language similar to, “Signed for receipt of performance appraisal, but do not agree with performance appraisal rating,” above or below your printed name and signature.

  • That way, you’ve acknowledged the appraisal but clearly stated that you do not concur with your supervisor’s rating of your job performance.
  • Another alternative that may be available to you is a second review of your performance appraisal with your supervisor.
  • Ask whether you can invite an HR staff member to participate in another appraisal discussion where you engage in a two-way discussion about the points with which you disagree.

Better communication can resolve issues that are sticking points and enable you and your supervisor to mutually agree to changing or modifying the ratings contained in the original appraisal. If you sign the performance appraisal with the added note that you don’t agree with the rating, you may have the option to rebut your supervisor’s assessment of your job performance.

What are the new Fannie Mae guidelines for 2023?

Fannie Mae loan limit values are increasing in 2023. The new loan limit for most of the country will be $726,200 — an 12.21% increase over the 2022 limit — and is effective for whole loans delivered to Fannie Mae and loans in MBS pools with issue dates on or after Jan.

What is the strategy of Fannie Mae?

Fannie Mae maintains an ongoing commitment to high standards of corporate conduct and compliance. Our board of directors annually reviews and approves our strategic plan and oversees management’s execution against the company’s strategic objectives. Fannie Mae’s vision is to be America’s most valued housing partner and to provide liquidity, access to credit and affordability in all U.S.

Housing markets at all times, while effectively managing risk. On September 6, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) became Fannie Mae’s conservator. It reconstituted our board of directors, which owes its fiduciary obligations solely to FHFA. FHFA set the size of the board at no less than nine directors and no more than 13.

FHFA also directed the functions and authorities of the board. The board of directors oversees corporate performance. It approves the annual operating budget. It oversees risk policies, including market, credit, and operational risks. From time to time, the board adopts policies and procedures to assist its oversight responsibilities and to promote the safety and soundness of Fannie Mae.

  1. The board of directors oversees the integrity of our financial accounting and financial reporting systems and processes.
  2. It also provides advice to management regarding significant issues facing Fannie Mae.
  3. The board of directors meets at least eight times per year and at least once per quarter.
  4. They receive information and materials to fulfill their oversight functions on a regular basis.

This governance structure enables us to continue to create housing opportunities for homebuyers and renters in all communities across the country. It provides safety and soundness as we move forward with our business partners to build a stronger, safer, and more efficient housing system.

Our Corporate Governance Guidelines identify, among other governance matters, roles and responsibilities of our board of directors and management team, the board’s size and composition, and the criteria for its members. Our  bylaws provide more information about the corporation’s governance framework.

Also, the Fannie Mae board committees support the board of directors’ oversight of Fannie Mae’s business supporting the housing industry.

What is the minimum score for Fannie Mae?

When there are multiple clients qualifying to buy or refinance a home, Fannie Mae will average the median credit scores of all borrowers starting this week. This is a change from past policy where they looked at the lowest median credit score of all clients on the loan.

If you remember fifth-grade math, you’re probably thinking to yourself, “The average and the median are two different things.” You would be right, so let’s break down what’s happening here a little further. When you qualify for a mortgage or any loan, lenders pull your credit score, However, it’s important to know that you actually have three different scores because there are three different credit bureaus – Equifax ®, Experian™ and TransUnion ®,

You’re likely to have a slightly different credit score from each of these three sources for two reasons: First, there’s a chance that each bureau doesn’t have everything there is to know about your credit record. There may be things that appear on your report with one bureau that don’t appear on the others.

Second, each bureau uses a slightly different version of the FICO ® Score for their evaluations. Because factors can be weighted differently, your score is likely different at each bureau even if all the information reported is the same. The way that lenders handle this with individuals applying for loans is to take the median, or middle, credit score of the three as the qualifying one when they apply for loans.

In the past, if two borrowers applied for a loan, the lowest median credit score was used to qualify. Starting now, when two or more people are on a loan, Fannie Mae is going to average the median credit scores of two individuals. Because Fannie Mae has a minimum qualifying credit score of 620, this should help more clients qualify together on the loan, allowing for the use of all incomes to determine what they can afford.

Are appraisals no longer default for Fannie Mae?

Fannie Mae: Appraisals No Longer the ‘Default Requirement’ – Fannie Mae on March 1 updated its Selling Guide to include a range of options for property valuations as the government-sponsored enterprise moves away from suggesting that an appraisal is a “default requirement.” Fannie notes that home valuation options include value acceptance, value acceptance plus property data and hybrid appraisals.

Why don’t I need an appraisal?

If your lender says you don’t need an appraisal, it means he has either determined that the loan is low risk, or that he is willing to accept the home’s sale price as its estimated value.

Is the appraisal no longer the default option?

Fannie Mae is no longer requiring a home appraisal as the default option for property valuation. The GSE announced in its updated Selling Guide this week that it will offer more options to establish a property’s market value and said it is “moving away from implying that an appraisal is a default requirement.” The options include value acceptance (formerly appraisal waivers), value acceptance plus property data and hybrid appraisals.

We are on a journey of continuous improvement to make the home valuation process more efficient and accurate. As such, we are transitioning to a range of options to establish a property’s market value, with the option matching the risk of the collateral and the loan transaction,” Fannie Mae said in its release.

“The spectrum balances traditional appraisals with appraisal alternatives.” Both the value acceptance (appraisal waiver) and the value acceptance plus property data receive “automatic value certainty with rep and warrant relief.” Value acceptance plus property data is a new option that utilizes property data collection by a third party who conducts interior and exterior data collection on the subject property.